visual acuity?

topic posted Tue, February 9, 2010 - 12:45 PM by  g'reg
TM often mentioned Psilocybin mushrooms in small, non-psychedelic doses increasing visual acuity. Does anyone know if this is legit? has this been properly tested? can it hold up against the very rigorous research standards of hard science? Any bibliography, links, or anything that can connect me to strong evidence of this would be greatly appreciated!! thanks!
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Washington, D.C.
  • Re: visual acuity?

    Tue, March 2, 2010 - 5:54 PM
    here is a bibliography of some of the work terence was referring to. hope you can find some of these.
    1. Fischer, Roland & Richard M. Hill - "Interpretation of visual space under drug-induced ergotropic and trophotropic arousal" - Journal: Inflammation Research Issue Volume 2, Number 3 / November, 1971 (Publisher Birkhäuser Basel) ISSN 1023-3830 (Print) 1420-908X (Online),
    2. Fischer, Roland & R. Hill, K. Thatcher & J. Scheib - "Psilocybin-induced contraction of nearby visual space" - Journal Inflammation Research Issue, Volume 1, Number 4 / August, 1970 (Publisher Birkhäuser Basel) ISSN 1023-3830 (Print) 1420-908X (Online)
    3. Fischer, Roland L. (Ph.D.) "The Realities of Hallucinogenic Drugs: A Compendium" - Criminology, Volume 4 Issue 3 Page 2-15, November 1966 (Blackwell Publishing Ltd)
    4. Fischer, Roland L. (Ph.D.) - "A Cartography of the Ecstatic and Meditative States" - Science, November 26th, 1971
  • Re: visual acuity?

    Mon, August 16, 2010 - 1:02 PM
    g'reg, TM did make that claim, it was central to his "stoned apes"/evolutionary origin of H. sapiens theory (or fairy tale in theory's clothing). It seems to have achieved status as an article of faith, a doctrine automatically accepted and believed by many if not most in his audience -- based on so many unquestioning comments about it I see, far and wide. As if it’s just understood as 'scientific fact' or 'proven' true.

    A recent high-profile example: the film KNOW YOUR MUSHROOMS (aired a few months back on IFC) has the Telluride mushroom festival organizer saying:

    "Terence McKenna ... has a whole theory ... It turns out in low dose, Psilocybe increases visual acuity. So in hunter-gatherer society if you got better eye sight, you hunt better, you're selected for advancement. So people who ate the mushrooms advanced..."

    g'reg I'd like to applaud your spirit of inquiry instead of unquestioning acceptance. Nice wish, "Good luck finding" but -- may I recommend a direct path to obtain these articles. Most libraries don't carry those journals.

    University libraries have a service called Inter Library Loan (ILL) available to anyone on campus, maybe accessible to others -- you'd have to call and inquire (or go through a friend enrolled there). ILL can usually get a xerox of almost any article I need, no matter how obscure the journal.

    TM (FOOD OF THE GODS, etc.) did cite research by Fischer for his "enhanced visual acuity" claim -- but in a conspicuously vague way raising curiosity that for me borders on suspicion. He names authors, year of publication, quickly in passing. But no quotes, nor even minimal mentions any specific finding, to show this was in fact one of Fischer's findings. I’ve thought I must be the only one to notice that and scratch my head a little, till your post.

    The way TM staged these refs gave me an uncomfy, unsure "maybe" sense. Maybe I'm not supposed to notice anything amiss. Maybe we’re not supposed to wonder. Maybe I'm supposed to just vaguely figure Fischer MUST have reported that. Maybe instead of questioning or looking into things, I'm just supposed to believe his research found "enhanced visual acuity" -- then go from there, build my understanding on that foundation. Especially if I'm letting my mind ride the wildest "possibilities" – never mind informed inquiry, critical reason, or the idea of actually finding out whether something is true or not.

    Again bravo to you for the idea of checking sources for factual info -- rather than just believing/assuming (on account of "because...").

    To see if Fischer’s research does report such a finding, one would have to read. If it does, well and good, let it be known. If not -- that'd raise further questions. Not up-in-the-air abstract philosphical questions, but right down here on the ground, nuts and bolts, like -- what gives? But I've seen little to no discussion of Fischer's work in popular circles, nor indications that anyone has checked it for TM's use of it.

    If TM wanted us to "seriously consider the possibility" (and this seemed to be important to him) "stone apes" – would he resort to subterfuge, being sneaky? If so, it might make sense that he'd use citations to contrive an as-if-scientific basis for his "theory" -- for readers who don’t notice anything amiss in the way he positioned those Fischer citations.

    Would TM have gone that far, to craftily imply something he knows is just not true, setting up readers to assume or interpret otherwise -- leaving himself a way out of the ethical question if anyone ever called him on it? ("Oh, I never directly stated that Fischer specifically concluded psilocybin enhances visual acuity, but some of Fischer’s findings suggested TO ME the POSSIBILITY that ... " etc.). I.e., plausible deniability?

    I’m not aware Fischer has ever replied to TM's citations to his work, and I’ve wondered what he’d say. If I understand right, Fischer's been in Majorca for some years. I've long wanted to contact him to inquire directly, but haven't yet managed unfortunately. I have no email address for him. I'd like to hear Fischer's take on this -- who in the world would be better qualified to comment?

    I've read some of Fischer et alia's research on psilocybin and visual perception, not all of it. It's extensive, more than just what TM cites. Psychology of perception is a highly technical subject. General readers would likely have trouble understanding Fischer's findings as reported. If TM was up to something "clever," trying to mislead or impress readers, get make them to go "oh wow!" (for his amusement and gratification, presumably) -- he might have considered: if anyone in his audience (who aren't specialized in perceptual psychology) checks Fischer articles, they'd be in over their head to understand his findings, what they actually mean.

    The Abstract for one of Fischer's articles ("Interpretation of visual space ..." by Hill and Fischer --1971, Agents and Actions 2: 122-130) says "ergotrophic arousal inducing drugs" like psilocybin interfere with counter-adaptation to visual distortion. This differs from "trophotropic arousal inducing drugs" (like chlorpromazine, an anti-psychotic), which enhance counter-adaptation.

    The counter-adaptation response is a gradual adjustment to the presence of a distorting sensory stimulus, like coke-bottle lenses. The distortion is noticed strongly by a subject at first. But over time 'counter-adaptation' response sets in, compensating, minimizing it . The subject's visual perception adjusts or adapts, normalizing their sense of sight. HIll and Fischer report psilocybin "interfere(s) with counter-adaptation to optical distortion ...".

    That doesn't sound like enhanced visual acuity, or anything adaptive (such as a "stoned apes" theory might require). So far however, I've found only one passage in Fischer's research on psilocybin and visual perception, that directly addresses the adaptive or selective significance of what he and his colleagues discovered. See: "Induction and Extinction of Psilocybin Induced Transformation of Visual Space" (Pharmakopsychiat. 6: 258-263). It says:

    "There is a 'natural' tendency to misjudge the position of the visual as compared to the gravitational vertical. A 160 µg/kg psilocybin-induced accentuation of this misjudgment ... is reported." Also: "Psilocybin ... consistently increases the natural misjudgment of the AVV." (Apparent Vertical Visual).

    On page 263 they state: "At its worst, such disorientation may be compared to a 'jammed computer' state, a condition which MAY NOT BE CONDUCIVE TO THE SURVIVAL OF THE ORGANISM" (my capitalization, for emphasis).

    Not only does Fischer report nothing consistent with what TM’s “enhanced visual” bit-- his findings contradict TM, invalidating his use of Fischer's work.

    I think any college undergrad with a homework assignment to write a paper knows, one can insert a bunch of lit citations, implying one has read all that. It's soo easy. Is a reader really going to go get all those sources, and read them to see if your use of them stacks up? I don't think so, even when the readership is critically astute and educated, and maybe isn't so sure.

    How much less likely would it be for TM’s audience to critically investigate? TM reinforced the style and taste for being astounded, amazed, astonished... and just making people go "Oh wow" -- i.e., the common, typically breathlessly enthusiastic comments one sees and hears in his fan base? Once people are listening and interested, would they want to find out anything to burst the bubble or spoil the fun of it all?

    The psychedelic community nowadays seems mostly satisfied to hear or read stuff calculated to blow its mind. The subject has been severely exploited, become sensationalized. To me that spells a tragedy for any reasonable psychedelic hopes. How can the positive potential of such compounds for our society ever be realized unless the popular interest in it matures, gets off its tabloid diet of junk food of the gods? I don't see how it can, but I’d welcome a surprise.

    Maybe things could turn around -- if more people like yourself asked intelligent questions instead of just taking juicy bait and hopping aboard (getting reeled in). Especially hard questions that could possibly lead somewhere, get answers. And risk discovery that some line of speculation ("theory" if one must) is not only wrong, but maybe even dishonest.

    Kudos to you g'reg -- simply in asking your question you shine a light.
    • Re: visual acuity?

      Sat, September 25, 2010 - 5:35 AM

      Since posting above, I've further investigated Tmack's "enhanced visual acuity" claim. I've corresponded with Richard M. Hill, Fischer's collaborator in researching psilocybin's effects on visual perception, and co-author of articles Tmack breezily cited in connection with his claim. Based on Hill's input, the "enhanced visual acuity" business proves to be false and misleading, exactly per the impression I'd already gathered.

      The indications I presented above are now confirmed. Results are in, and conclusive.

      Apparently Tmack was deviously engaging in verbal legerdemain, clever misdirection of reader attention. It is remotely possibly that Tmack read Fischer and Hill's research and sincerely but cluelessly misunderstood their findings -- an "innocent" interpretation of Tmack's shell game, a mix-up. Just an honest mistake. In context, I don't believe this is the case however. Tmack was not that stupid, he understood things he read well enough. And I can find nothing in Fischer et alia's research, as reported, that would invite such misinterpretation.

      Much more likely -- for his own uniquely personal reasons, Tmack wanted unwary readers to take his Stoned Apes! "theory" seriously. He manipulated readers who didn't know any better for this purpose. Artfully mixing info and misinformation, while saying nothing at all about important points that would contradict his "theory" -- tiptoeing around them so as not to awaken doubts in readers' minds (as it appears).

      Tmack's "theory" or speculation about how selection "would have" favored the superior-sighted mushroom-tripping hominids reflects by itself a dismal (but common) failure of accurate, informed understanding about evolutionary theory. Even if psilocybin did enhance visual acuity, as he alleged by insinuating such an effect had been discovered and reported by Fischer et alia -- Tmack never proposed there was a gene for eating magic mushrooms, present in his fondly fancied tripping hominids, absent in others.

      Parents genereally try teach their children right and wrong, get their offspring to do as their elders instruct. But that is socially transmitted customs and behavior. Not a biological behavior directed by genes. Eating mushrooms (or not eating them) is pure tradition, absolutely relative to culture not biology. Such behavior cannot be inherited directly, it has no genetic basis for that. And a younger generation may perpetuate traditions, follow in the footsteps of their parents; or not -- in spite of parents' best efforts to get their young to emulate the example of their elders.

      Even if psilocybin did enhance visual acuity, there would be no scientific basis for suggesting it could have been a factor in the evolution of Homo sapiens. But it's one step worse: the "fact" (research findings of Fischer et alia) McKenna took these wild speculative leaps from is, itself, a transparent falsehood. Apparently contrived by McKenna for his purposes. I assume he wanted to believe such a wild idea himself on one level of his schized psyche, but on another knew full well it was nonsense, a bankrupt effort -- alas, the troubled human condition with its conflicts between various impulses. How easy it is for all of us to keep secrets from ourselves, kid ourselves per whatever desperate wishes we realize.

      In any case, I suspect McKenna was psychologically driven to deceive others, in order to try and persuade them that "stoned apes" (and his various other grandiose, ridiculous "speculations") might have merit. If he could just get enough people to take the idea seriously enough, to believe it might actually be true -- then and only then could he perhaps start to believe it himself, per his desperate wishes. Those with insecurities or inferiority anxieties often try to impress other people with an opposite impression of confidence and security, in a psychologically-driven effort to overcome their self-doubts. If they can get enough people to think they're great or brilliant or whatever, maybe they can shake off their sense of inferiority or insecurity. But it doesn't work, all it achieves is contempt for the people they fool so easily.

      I acquired Richard Hill's email through institutional channels, and sent him an inquiry last month, as follows:

      "I write to inquire if I may, concerning your research with Roland Fischer and others, published some years ago, on visual perception as affected by psilocybin. I'd be interested to know if you can confirm that your research discovered or reported that psilocybin, at whatever dosage, enhances visual acuity? I have read some (not all) of your work with Fischer, and thus know of some of your results. But I have not been able to confirm such a finding was reported, thus far. A 1992 book, FOOD OF THE GODS by Terence McKenna, seems to be the original source of this. There, this claim or interpretation is cited to your 1970 article (with Fischer et al.) 'Psilocybin-induced contraction of nearby visual space.'"

      I received reply from Hill as follows: "Regarding visual acuity, our experiments were never designed to address (this) question, and thus any interpretations along those lines would be entirely spurious."

      No wonder my study of that research never succeeded in finding any shred of support for the popular misconception that psilocybin enhances visual acuity, at whatever low dose. No such findings were ever reported. It is a tribute to McKenna's magic wand waving that he managed to subliminally implant this false "fact" in the minds of so many, who now believe it to be scientifically proven, a legitimate finding from psychedelic research. How strange though, that people who've actually taken the mushrooms fail to understand or realize what they have, and have not, experienced in the effects of psilocybin.

      Even a guy who didn't believe any of this for a minute was taken on quite a wild goose chase to try and establish the fact that the whole claim is nonsense, lock stock and barrel. Sad to consider how much wilder a ride have those not critically questioning been taken on, led down "primrose path" (a phrase Tmack liked to use) left and right. It seems to be part of a major tragedy for Western civilization and its future -- the death of hope for any reasonable version of the psychedelic dream, that our society might one day be able to realize the positive, integrative psychospiritual potential of psychedelics. A contrary choice has been made, by manipulators such as McKenna and his enthusiastic celebrants, the manipulated -- to embrace exploitive sensationalism, wallow in gullbile nonsense. As if such the true value and significance of consciousness and its exploration via psychedelics resides in con art and deception.

      We who've taken positive interest in this subject have been led down the low road. Who is responsible, other than ourselves? We've put on a pretty poor show, no wonder the society at large can only regard the subject as cause to roll eyeballs and step back from the post-hippie in-group cliquishness of popular psychedelic hero worship. Eschatons and entities, 2012ism and strange attractors can only repel intelligent, worthy interest, and these "memes" have pretty well driven the subject and its prospects over the fringed edge.

      The questions g'reg raises here are now easy for me to answer conclusively, on good authority.

      1) I do know, enhanced visual acuity is NOT "legit."

      2) It was not tested for, nor a reported finding, in research by Fischer et alia (despite the appearance to the contrary Tmack staged)

      3) No, it does not hold up to critical inspection; close examination instead reveals a web of deception, manipulating reader understanding)
      • Re: visual acuity?

        Mon, March 19, 2012 - 4:55 PM
        Dear baker

        It’s all very well that you've done some research, but for someone who likes to profess healthy scepticism, you sure seem to leap to a strong opinion about TM supposedly having devious motives with regard to the visual acuity story. I’ve heard a lecture of his where he does go into some detail about an experiment that is indicative of the increased VA. If he was referring to the Fischer experiment therein, then he may have made a simple mistake – and none of us are immune to that. Or perhaps Fischer's collaborator has failed to see the connection Terence was thinking of. In any case many people report that they experience enhanced VA on shrooms.

        You state that Terrence was intelligent enough to understand what he was reading, but in the next breath you imply that he was so stupid as to give false evidence (that could easily, or would likely, be checked up on) in his life’s works.

        Terence had plenty of reasons aside from visual acuity as to why magic mushrooms could have potentially benefited human ancestors. Like for example the mystical experience of union with the universe – this could greatly help social cohesion. In other words shrooms could help members of the group NOT TO BE OVERLY SUSPICIOUS OF EACH OTHER.

        • Re: visual acuity?

          Fri, March 30, 2012 - 4:18 AM
          Dear Michael,

          Thank you for your reply. Many clear indications of dishonesty on TM's part are evident, but averting attention from them is very much in fashion with his fans who hold him as a sort of unimpeachable paramount of psychedelic brilliance and virtue, much as any cult leader is enshrined. The 'inspiration' his fans realize tends toward fanatic-like aggression - easily demonstrated by simple application of critically informed comment on his 'theories' etc.

          Sounds like you're uncomfortable with the ramifications, e.g. of " ... TM supposedly having devious motives with regard to the visual acuity story ..." If one holds TM's name unimpeachable, one will have trouble with discoveries like the fundamentally fraudulent nature of his claims about Fischer and Hill's studies (and a lot of other stuff). But their research says what it says, and they didn't discover 'visual acuity enhanced by psilocybin.'

          So rather than 'strong opinion' as you call it, the perspective from which I speak is a matter of confirmable conclusions, findings of fact independently verifiable by anyone. The Fischer research and what it found isn't classified, no Top Secret clearance needed to access it. What emerges from this is more like the 'scientific creationist' version of evolution, where its about propagandizing, pretense in service to something considered far more important than petty scruples of factual honesty -- ends that justify means.

          As for his 'devious motive' (yes this makes his followers uncomfy) -- in a 1992 interview, TM explained his purpose in crafting the Stoned Apes "theory" -- rather than various speculative justifications, which his fans are in effect compelled to muster when faced with these sharp contradictions -- I suggest TM can speak for himself about his motives, as he did:

          M2: Why did you write Food of the Gods ?

          TM: I felt if I could change the frame of the argument and get drugs insinuated into a scenario of human origins, then I would cast doubt on the whole paradigm of Western Civilization ... If you could convince people that drugs were responsible for the emergence of large brain size and language, then you could completely re-cast the argument from: "Drugs are alien, invasive and distorting to human nature" to: "Drugs are natural, ancient and responsible for human nature".
          SO IT WAS CONSCIOUSLY PROPAGANDA, although I believe all that and I believe it's going to be hard to knock down. (capitals added for emphasis)

          TM, like anybody else, can best speak for his own motive. I don't think the followers' 'explanations' or rationalizations can address this.

          Similarly, fine for you to speculate that "perhaps Fischer's collaborator failed to see the connection Terence was thinking of ..." But from reading their actual research TM cited -- not just the stories he told us about what it says in their reports -- turns out there is no such "connection."

          I think the researchers know their own findings and what they discovered.
          • Re: visual acuity?

            Wed, August 8, 2012 - 4:53 PM
            Baker, you are basically not giving any real information.
            Terence corroborated WITH Fisher and held his conclusions. Fisher agreed "it seems we are perceiving reality better WITH the drug than WITHOUT the drug" and while that quote appears to be tongue-in-cheek, Terence's entire career was tongue-in-cheek, so trying to charge him with intellectual dishonesty or misleading fans is a bunch of nonsense.

            Secondarily, the conclusions of the original research are no objective benchmark. Terence has explained INCREDIBLY clearly in certain lectures what it was about the experiments that he uses as a crutch. Even if the originators didn't necessarily agree, MORE work needs to be done before you can discount McKenna's interepretation. Don't be so cynical - We don't live in a world where the "hard and fast methods of science" are the most progressive or even helpful.

            Thirdly, there is no other tenable theory on this front. So.... yeah.
          • Re: visual acuity?

            Wed, August 8, 2012 - 4:57 PM
            Also, you have to use CONTEXT to make sense of these things.

            THe neuropsychological model of Cave Art backs up part of T.s theory in this regard and every single subjective point Terence makes about community values, keeping the "Ego at bay" and what that might result in... is an ONTOLOGICAL discussion, not a physical, anthropological one.

            It happens to be backed up by almost all modern users of the substance. If ten scientists tell you that you're not in any pain... but you fell pain... Its obvious the science is wrong. This happens often, and most often in areas that are precarious to the sciences.... This is one that the sciences have ignored on hte anthropological front, and active suppressed on the front of T.s possible explanation..
            • Re: visual acuity?

              Sun, August 12, 2012 - 2:49 AM
              Thanks Amadeus - I've pretty much addressed the visual acuity business above, and what I've found about it from inquiries and following up. Of course, the sort of protest or sentiments you express seem consistent with the 'customary and usual' -- i.e., emphatic endorsement of TMcKenna, i.e., whatever he said or wrote, regardless of how it comes out under microscope, or cross examination. Kind of past that now.

              I believe the following is aware now, as I am -- of some 'bombshell' revelations of the "Deep Dive" podcast a month or two ago. Not very 'inspiring' -- either for questions of TM's integrity and honesty in general (ahem) ... or for the Following so deeply invested in the spell he cast of pseudo-psychedelic epiphanies and brilliance.

              Many unfortunate aspects of cults in general, seem to undergird the TM preoccupation (as it becomes over time, with its 'ideas' and 'theories' dropping of like flies ... some just expiring (due date ahead this year on one). There's every indication of a 'thought control' mechanism at the core of TMism. Those who've been baited and lured into its web -- seem to have built their faith on an empty feeling of inspiration or exhilaration (the 'resonance' its called); and a dubious feeling of relief from alienation. TMism confers a security blanket sense of belonging, joining with an entire community of like-minded 'instant friends' (good fellow followers) -- who 'get it.'

              Review of the excited discussion about TM's 'contribution(s)' -- deferring to the idiom of his celebrants -- it boils down to a liturgy, like religious rites of services. Invocation (of his name) followed by benediction (the story of glory) and -- denunciation of 'doubters' and 'haters' i.e. disapproval of what we can see and note, if we accord it the kind of serious, critically-informed regard it plaintively pleads for. Not unlike Intelligent Design demanding it be given place in evolutionary biology; and similarly expressing an 'inspired' message in veiled form, adopting costumery of something theoretical. A masquerade with devious purposes, by any other name.

              And just like Christian apologetics, the TM-inspired discussion stands on three 'legs' --

              1) Talk up TM's name and stake his claim to fame -- How Great He Art, what a genius, how brilliant etc (praise and worship)

              2) Try to rebut criticisms - especially well-informed, points of fact that anyone who checks can verify

              3) Criticize (incompetently of course) "the paradigm of Western civilization" and rational broadly-based, well-informed perspectives in general. Pretty much like other cults or forms of fanaticism -- with 'human origins' in focus, a lot in common with Intel-D; 'scientific' creationists don't just bluster at refutations of their nonsense, they try to pre-empt biology's entire foundation in evolution; which integrates evidence in whole fashion, comprehensive (rather than fussy cherry-picking, rigorously avoiding anything for which the 'creativity' and 'imagination' of its script writers can't come up with a good propaganda use).

              Those are the three 'legs' of the TM discussion table. Again, thank you for you comments, I regret they can't seem to engage or address info I've replied with, to g'reg and his 'visual acuity' question.

              PS As you reflect -- TM did indeed tell a little story in FOOD OF THE GODS, alluding to some conversation with Fischer ... but that's TM talk, not FIscher's story, is it?

              • Re: visual acuity?

                Tue, November 19, 2013 - 1:45 AM
                You know, Terence McKenna was good friends with Roland Fischer. It wouldn't surprise me if Fischer was aware of Terence using him as a source of citation. I'm not sure how you arrived at the conclusion that the "visual acuity" portion of Terence's rap was "central" to his Stoned-Ape Theory. It seems to me it was only one factor in a series of "three" factors which he claimed were all occurring if not simultaneously, not in any particular order. However, while all these factors would be important, if any one of them was central, it's likely to be the "third step" in his theory, not the first which is "visual acuity." You can find the full citation of Roland's at "" Where Terence's spiel is congruent with Roland's findings is in "low doses." We're talking very low doses of psilcoybin (160 micrograms per kilogram) introduced intravenously. Doses so low that you could conceivably have forgotten that you had taken it. Roland notes in Figure 3, 4 and 5 that at dose level there is a subtle Aniseikonia-like effect of the fore-shortening of nearby visual space that occurred with all volunteers that were administered psilocybin which were measured in 90 minute intervals, each interval having showing the effect to gradually increase slightly were recorded.

                Terence McKenna once quoted Fischer in his talk "In Search of the Original Tree of Knowledge," where Roland said according to Terence, "Well you see, it's very interesting, apparently here we have data which argues significantly that we are perceiving reality better with the drug than without the drug." In my own experiences with light doses, I would attest that it's not a far-fetch claim to make. You can, in fact, experienced sharpened edges, a burst in even the vibrance of colour in your perception similar to that of turning the colour up on your television, and even the subtle aniseikonia that Roland emphasized in low doses. However, the first step, like step two, in McKenna's theory only accounts for an adaptive advantage, not a surge of evolutionary progress. That's where step three comes in.

                The dose range involved with step three is what Terence called the "heroic dose" which was the catalyst for the thought and imagination. I'll quote Terence below where he speaks on this step. The third step is central to Terence's "Stoned Ape" theory, and it's the step in which he was at great pains to articulate. This is a segment taken from the end portion of "Psychedelics in the Age of Intelligent Machines" which you can also find a video of him giving this talk on YouTube. I'll link to this talk at the bottom of this post as if you'd like to hear it in its entirety as well as Fischer's full citation hosted at

                "Step three: You eat still more mushrooms. Now you're not foraging with sharpened fangs nor are you horsing around with your opposed gender acquaintances. Instead you're nailed to the ground in hallucinogenic ecstasy, and one of the amazing things about psilocybin above, say, five or six grams dried material, is it causes glossolalia - spontaneous spurts of language-like behavior under the obvious control of internal syntax. I believe syntax existed before spoken language, that syntax controls spatial behaviors and body languages and is not necessarily restricted to the production of vocal speech.

                So there it is in a nutshell. We ate our way to higher consciousness. The mushroom made us better hunters, better survivors, among those in the population who used it, their sexual drive was increased, hence they outbred the more reluctant members of the tribe to get loaded, and finally, it created a kind neuroleptic seizure which led to downloading of these syntactically controlled vocalizations which became the raw material for the evolution of language and it's amazing to me that the straight people, the academics believe language is no more than 35,000 years old. That means it's as basic to human beings as the bicycle pump. It's something somebody invented 35,000 years ago. It's got nothing to do with primate evolution and the long march of the hominid and all that malarkey. No - it's just an ability, a use to which syntax can be put that previously had not been put, and before spoken language, things were very touchy-feely, and the wink and the nod carried you a great distance and gestural communication was very high.

                That's why, and I should say this and then end, to me it begins and ends with these psychedelic substances. The synergy of the psilocybin in the hominid died brought us out of the animal mind and into the world of articulated speech and imagination. And technology developed and developed and mushrooms were in vade against faded, there was migrations, cultural change, but now, having split the atom, having sequenced our genome, having taken the temperature of Betelgeuse and all the rest of it, we're now back where we started.

                And like the shaman who makes the journey into the well of darkness and returns with the pearl of immortality, you don't dwell in the well of darkness which was human history. You capture the essence of the thing, which is the god-like power of the shaman's myth, the technologist, the demon artificer, the worker of metals, the conjurer of spirits, and you carry that power back out of history, and it's in that dimension, outside of history, that you create true humanness and true community, and that's the adventure that we're in the act of undertaking."


                • Re: visual acuity?

                  Wed, November 27, 2013 - 9:59 AM
                  Thanks Kafei - I rather not argue or debate, if you don't mind. Especially with what others say, yourself or whoever "in Terence's name (amen)."

                  Thing is, I base my analysis of what Terence said, on his own word, written and spoken - right from the horse's mouth. What I conclude is based on that, not somebody's arguing about it. Especially as the Word of Terence compares and contrasts with relevant facts of record, established as such. Info that can be checked, double-checked, verified - sourced, documentable. For me its no a problem if truth as reliably determined, discovered, confirmed - contradicts his 'version of events." TM and his believers or admirers or followers (or whatever) inherit the consequences. The chips fall where they fall.

                  I submit, no use empty argument (as others above also try). Terence provided plenty of exposition, his word, his legacy. That's what I focus on. He was no ventriloquist's dummy. He could speak for himself (and omg did he ...). You must not realize, seeing your struggle to salvage some faint glimmer of glory - by futile arguing. Alas... alas.

                  Knowing the Terence pattern, having traced its outline and noted its features - I submit your post fits it to the tee for better or worse - adamant insistence on "phacts" not in evidence, empty claims that don't make sense, specious 'infaux' that turns out untrue when check out - whole tracts of incoherent illogic. Should that surprise you or me? Not if you know your Terence, chapter and verse. He expressly, specifically rejected reason, or knowing anything whatsoever, as a value or standard. He held it in contempt, derided it as anything to rely on or trust.

                  A consistent 'anti-rational' signal and message was just a big part of his whole act - playing on pervasive, alienated paranoia, Chicken Little “sky falling down” fear-mongering: “... for reason has grown too feeble to save us from the demons we have set loose!” (TRUE HALLUCINATIONS, Epilogue). It was high among his 'little ways' of beguiling anyone who didn't know better, drawing moths to his flame

                  Amid a profusion of empty airy assertions - I'd credit your post with one micro-shred of accurate factual info. The dose Fischer used to study effects of psilocybin on visual perception was 160 µg/kg (body wt) - as you correctly state.

                  Alas - in the same breath you put that detail into a false and misleading perspective - in homage to Terence. By removing that info from its valid, truthful context (whether willfully or helplessly driven by 'cognitive dissonance') - you in essence posed it in oppositional defiance to factual integrity and honesty - foundations of broader mutual understanding and human relations. And again, no surprise. As I consistently find (and your gesture re-affirms), the Terence cause resembles garden variety cultism, masquerading as some intellectual or philosophical thing. Or even scientific. Like, a theory. As in this 'stoned apes' crock.

                  That's a problem with lies Terence told (ignorant and dishonest, or both). They require more of the same to back them up, by anyone who'd dare try. "Oh what a tangled web we weave when first we practice to deceive."

                  My heart would go out to those ensnared in this web of deceit and manipulation - if only that could help. So far I conclude, it can't. One can only view with detached concern, realizing the situation for what it is - and issue notice for the cautionary tale it tells, wily-nily, in final analysis.

                  But let's dispel the false perspective you put Fischer's dose into, so fervently - and put the fact back in rightful place, shall we? Indeed, TM’s charming 'Science Says" story (which he cunningly pinned on Fischer) adamantly specifies, the 'visual acuity' (TM's fabrication about that research) - is a ‘low dose’ effect. Obviously you know the storyline.

                  And I gather you, in your own way, realize - Houston, there’d be a problem if it turned out - that not only did Fischer NOT discover or report ‘enhanced visual acuity.' He DIDN'T EVEN STUDY LOW DOSE EFFECTS !

                  Since documented facts reveal TM's deceit and exploitation - I don't puzzle or mystify at your "easy breezy" rating of Fischer's 160 µg/kg study dose as 'low.' It simply reflects that pattern, by oppositional defiance - carefully focused at microscale. As if to slip it past notice, make it hard to see - the ol' 'subtle' ploy. Like fake brushstrokes in a counterfeit painting, invisible to naked eye. Purpose: to hopefully pass unseen - as every con knows. Its just how they work (and Terence was a good 'n').

                  Well rise and shine, its wake-up-and-smell-the-coffee-time (and remember, this was all your idea) Let's look at psilocybin dosage range, and see just how ‘low’ a dose Fischer’s 160 µg/kg is - based in research, valid sources. Not fairy tales or airy assertions of false claims, facts not in evidence, based in some rigorously uncritical "Terence said" pseudostandard (i.e. quicksand):

                  12 µg/kg = Very Low Dose
                  115 µg/kg = Medium Dose
                  250 µg/kg = High Dose

                  See: Wackermann J, M Wittmann, F Hasler, FX Vollenweider, 2008. Effects of varied doses of psilocybin … Neuroscience Newsletters 345: 51-55.

                  Well, there it is (as the musical king said in AMADEUS ... (a fitting title I think, as following remark might clarify)

                  Obviously Kafei, you've offered no citation or source for your 'low' rating of dose Fischer used, and you're wildly off base - don't even know what you're talking about. That's the wages of Terence (who btw - never even mentioned what dose Fischer used btw).

                  No harm pointing out - same goes for your charming story of "Terence McKenna was good friends with Roland Fischer." As with your 'low dose' canard, that's reverently true to the Terence party line. But not to anything else. As such it figures as just another example of the problem with 'stoned apes' i.e., the Terence's Witnesses and their mission.

                  (But what kind of 'friend' would Terence have been to Fischer, by exploiting his reputation and scientific credibility that way? Blatantly lying about Fischer's research, just to gather a cult following to praise and worship Terence? That'd seem to me a strange way of being 'friend'')

                  You're not alone, casting that line. Having company is part of cultism's whole spell. "Instant friends" is one way it reels folks in to become 'fishers of men." Note how another poster tried exact same gag - airily declaring:

                  “Terence corroborated [sic] WITH Fisher ...” (Aug 8, 2012). That poor guy apparently doesn't even know what word he's trying to use: collaborate (meaning 'work together'), not 'corroborate.' And that's supposed to - what, convince or impress, or - ? He doesn't even realize the foot-in-mouth pratfall he does. But that's how he's gonna try and come off like he knows better? Or has remote deuce of a clue? Oh - K ...

                  Terence told many stories, and under test they generally fail - dismally. They prove to be false, with no plausible deniablity for 'innocent error' or 'honest mistake.' He comes out a liar and a con, mainly - a charismatic charlatan. But if you or Amadeus (and/or whoever) want to believe whatever he says hook line and sinker, on account of 'he said it' - that's fine for you. Go ahead, be my guest. But its not binding on anyone else, especially yours truly.

                  Seeing the contortions of rhetoric, the twisting and writhing of word and reason you engage - I suggest that's for you to realize, if you can, by whatever's left of your power of reason after its entrainment to the word of Terence. If you want to tout and adhere to a "Terence said" pseudostandard, go ahead you can have it, all yours. I prefer rigorously critical, impartial standards of reason, meaning, integrity of purpose and understanding. I distinguish those on clear understanding, from thought-programming doctrines. The latter can try with all their might to pass themselves off as 'idea' or 'philosophy' or 'theory ' or 'genius' or 'story-telling' - but it doesn't work with me.

                  Whatever you call the Word of Terence, it tests out as brain-wash: "The world is made of language" i.e., abracadabra... "Nobody is smarter than you ..." wham, Terence fans are smarter than anyone else, by His word. ("It becomes true, when we talk about it" - Big Bird Terrence [sic] McKenna ... video). And that ends prospects of communication, subverts our species greater prospects, as I find. With kind regrets.

                  • This is the maximum depth. Additional responses will not be threaded.

                    Re: visual acuity?

                    Tue, January 14, 2014 - 10:32 AM
                    It seems as though you're more interested in your diatribe against Terence's spiel rather than actually understanding his Stoned Ape hypothesis, Baker. Even if we were to consider 160 µg/kg a mid-range dose, there's other notable factors that must be accounted for. Of course, there isn't much details in the citation regarding the volunteers other than their age and sex, but if you've mulled all these facts over, I'm then you're familiar with ADME. ADME is an abbreviation in pharmacokinetics and pharmacology for absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion, and describes the disposition of a pharmaceutical compound within an organism. This means that 160 µg may be bordering between a light dose and mid-range dose depending on the weight of the person, their metabolism, etc. It's not guaranteed that the full 160 µg would pass the blood-brain barrier and be converted to psilocin. So, while we may want to be as precise as possible in our scientific investigations, we also must admit that we cannot be completely accurate when it comes to an experiment like Fischer's. Each person has a unique metabolism, and while we want to be as accurate as possible, there are some factors that will be unavoidably skewed, and so the key in these type of experiments is to rely on approximations so that if there is some obscurity in the pharmacodynamics, then we at least keep it at a minimum.

                    However, you seem more adamant in pointing out this misrepresentation between a light and mid-range dose and triumphantly yelping "Amadeus" than really considering what's being involved here, and that is because even if we do call 160 µg a mid-range dose, it doesn't detract Terence's claim. If you have any personal experience with mushrooms, even if you were to take a high dose (250 µg +), you'd experience within the first ninety minutes what a low-dose experience is like. That's because, if you know your ADME, the amount of psilocybin you consume doesn't pass the blood-brain barrier all at once. Instead there is a gradual onset as psilocybin passes the blood-brain barrier and is converted to psilocin such that what you would experience in the first ninety minutes of a high dose is what you'd experience at the height of a low dose trip. You're able to witness the effects of each dose range as you climb to the plateau of a high dose experience.

                    A simple way to prove this claim would be to take a low dose of psilocybin yourself. As I mentioned before, you'd get the sharpened edges, enhanced colour, the subtle aniseikonia, etc. Honestly, I'm not really concerned with visual acuity as I'm sure even Terence himself would have admitted while all these factors may have been important to the hypothesis, the third step is at the crux of this hypothesis. It's not often mentioned in a discussion like this, but I believe most people are completely missing the point by not considering and emphasizing the "third step." I attempted to highlight in my last post, but you completely ignored it and instead ranted on about the "infaux," the "phacts," and "intellectual dishonesty." All that is bias cant, prejudice logorrhea, and the harangue of bigotry.
                    • Re: visual acuity?

                      Tue, January 14, 2014 - 12:42 PM
                      Yeah ... familiar sound there. As if inviting me to - what, argue?

                      I don't know what 'seems' to you, your impressions will have to be yours. And didn't I mention above, no, I wouldn't be interested in arguing. With you or any strangers, at their behest. Including anonymous avatars in posting forums. Or flesh-and-blods who occasionally come to my door - often with Bible in hand. They are so personally interested and all inquisitive - about me, my biz. Whether I've had this or that spiritual experience, tried this or that etc.

                      I generally tell them, nice stopping by and sorry to disappoint. Such interesting matters, my experiences and most personal beliefs or thoughts. Hate to keep it all within my circle of people I'll consent to discuss such things with. But its not my policy or practice to go all into such personal and potentially sensitive matters - with strangers I don't know from Adam, at their bidding. Nor do I consider it any rightful business of theirs, on principle. And to think, Bible and Jesus and all that - don't carry legal complications. More than one can say for the "have you tripped, and what dose" (per whatever story or plea you wanna enter) inquisitorialness.

                      But I don't question their right to ask strangers, per se. Under law its okay, however respectable or not. Its a free country here. They can do that. Just like you can try to go into this and that with me. I can say, no thank you, rather than oblige. And, sorry to disappoint nosy strangers tryin' to get all personal with me like that. Whatever their crusade or inquisition - Jesus, Tmac, Bible, FOOD OF THE GODS etc - cordial regrets.
                    • Re: visual acuity?

                      Thu, January 16, 2014 - 8:47 AM
                      Oh, I might've mentioned too (cue Ronald Reagan?): 'There you go, again.' Just like before you falsified the fact of Fischer's dosage. In a whole new 'creative' way. By dumbing it down, from 160 µg/kg - to '160 µg' - ditching out the 'per kilogram body weight' factor (/kg). That way (as I see) - you can dream up, concoct or fabricate - a pretend critical 'consideration' like (this is hilarious):

                      "160 µg may be bordering between a light dose and mid-range dose DEPENDING ON THE WEIGHT OF THE PERSON ..."

                      OMG, what a knee-slapper. Considering how that's apparently part of your act, that you're all smart or know something. Or, have a thought or whatever. Insofar as Fischer's dose, accurately cited - is measured BY each individual subject's body weight. Weight is a controlled-for part of the dose he used.

                      As for throwing around big 'pharmaco' words - that's true blue to the Terence model. The one he set for all to follow in his illustrious footsteps. In a desperate scherade to impress himself and whoever he could dupe. Its just standard TM discourse - no wonder you try so hard to sound like you have some point or thought. That's the entire game show.

                      And so far - I notice you can't even keep what precious little info you've got to work with on its own factual ground. Are you deliberately mangling it, defrauding the dose info on purpose - disinfo style? Or - are you merely that clueless, that unwitting? Unable even touch that shred of info, without mutilating it beyond recognition?

                      Are you like some reverse King Midas? At your slightest touch, truth turns to falsehood? Fact turns to fiction; or - fraud? 1st you pretentiously cry "Low Dose" - as if. Since (DUH) - that's what the Terence's Witnesses script requires. Then, when called out at the plate on that klutzy pratfall - you butcher the same info AGAIN. In a bold new way - by amputating the vital 'per kg body weight' term of the dose. (Although - one code name for the psychedelic fringe movement that worships Terence's robes, is - the 'transformational' community ...)

                      And that's one-man theater script, staged psychodrama. Your act like you got, what, some point or thought or something to say? To ME?

                      Considering Teachings of Terence: "Nobody's smarter than YOU!" (along with the cultic pattern as already richly in evidence) - should any of us be surprised? Seems TM was good at flattering - tense alienated insecurities, of 'fringe communitarian' psychedelia - wasn't he? Yes. What a fisher of men. Such angling talent. What an arm, what a line he cast - for the insecure. The embittered, "IQ inferiority complex" moths drawn to his flame. What effective bait to lure and reel them in. He sure knew how to thread his hook, huh? And with less success, seems, he sure tried to teach his followers, show them "here's how you do it."

                      Interesting 'fallout' effect, too, upon those who bit and swallowed: > 90% loss of mind, reason, rationality, clue. Minds emptied, an intelligence vacuum. Sort of thing nature famously abhors. And what rushes in to fill it? Easy to see, hard not to notice the pattern. Self-righteous, belligerent, know-better-than-thou ignorance, strutting. Showing its ass. Leading with it.

                      Like a naked emperor parading around - thinking (if you can call it that) - that he's beautifully attired, all who see him wowed. And physique-wise, he ain't exactly in Chas Atlas shape (eeewww...).

                      Well I understand the fanaticism - the alienation and mind-programming - the 'thought lockdown' - of TMism. I know too, Jimmy - of such phenomena as delusion and hallucination, folie a beaucoup, cognitive dissonance. And the fundamental core distinction, in psych of religion, between 'healthy' and 'sick' (Wm James, VARIETIES OF ... 1902). I'm sorry you have that. But its your choice, considered or not. Likewise; not to be an ingrate - thank you for yet another revealing face-planting demo. What a spectacle. You've donated yet another 24 carat example vividly illustrating AGAIN - what monumentally narcissistic pile of ego crap the Terence's Witnesses cult is, at its core.

                      Well bravo. You tried a different tactic (same Modus Operandi) - to falsify the same info; since something went wrong with your first attempt. So now Sherlock you find some 'critical flaw' in the dosage info, storyline - because of some weight debacle. And that's your new ploy? That's your new attempt at acting like some - guy who knows, even remotely, what he's talking about? That's what you're gonna try and put that over? On ME - of all people? Like I'm the right contestant for your spinning wheel of fortune? Unwise choice, Grasshopper, but allll yours (and I welcome you to it).

                      Once again, same results - pretty instructive, exemplary. Bordering on interesting, for what it shows and tells - about the Terence's Witnesses. Nothing new, only further confirmation.
                      • Re: visual acuity?

                        Sat, March 29, 2014 - 11:34 AM
                        Obviously, this is getting no where. I believe you have a strong bias against McKenna that doesn't allow you to engage in an intellectually honest dialogue about this topic. You said I've mangled Fischer's work. I disagree. If anything, I believe I've given a clearer picture to anyone who's been following this thread or might stumble across it at a later date. You originally only referred to a small portion of the citation and based a lot of your criticism on that. I came back, on the other hand, and posted the full citation and I base my facts on that. Here, I'll try and make it a bit more clear, because you seem hell-bent on claiming that I've skewed this matter.

                        Let's say you have a 130 lb person which if you were to convert this to kilograms would be about 60 kg. You give that person 160 µg/kg of body weight which is approximately the equivalent to 9½ milligrams. You can find 10 milligrams in one gram of Psilocybe semilanceata (dried mushroom weight). Even if the person were to weigh a bit more and you have a higher psilocybin ratio per body weight, you'd still end up with what would be at most approaching a mid-range dose, if not a relatively light dose. One gram of dried material is considered recreationally light dose by most standards, and of course as I mentioned, there are many factors involved here that the citation does not account for such as the volunteers' lack of sleep, if they had eaten prior to this experiment, etc. and other factors which are out of the control of the experiment as in the each individual's metabolism rate, their sensitivity toward psilocybin, etc.

                        However, I still maintain that "visual acuity" is a minuscule factor and Terence's Stoned Ape concept. Terence believed that visual acuity may have played a role in giving our ancestral hominids a leg up in the hunting department, but when it came to the doubling of the brain-size, McKenna would often quote Carl Sofus Lumholtz as he described the evolution of the human neocortex as "the most dramatic transformation of a major organ of a higher animal in the entire fossil record." It happened over the span of one-hundred thousand years, and it's this period in which Terence believed that the "third step" in his Stone Ape concept played a central role.
                        • Re: visual acuity?

                          Thu, April 3, 2014 - 8:05 AM
                          "Obviously this is getting no where ..." I agree your dog can't hunt.

                          But don't sell yourself short. Consider what you've accomplished, continually banging your head and spinning your wheels. You've repeatedly distorted information, trying to come off smart or over-bearing or whatever. That's not much, but its - something. You've puffed up, ranted incoherently, angrily - assertions of no clear meaning or purport. Tried to get reactions, tried to digress and distract.

                          You've made yourself sound even more desperately determined, like some fanatic caught on the end of his own line. That's no moon landing, but any toddler might be proud.

                          You've also, I think, accurately represented yourself - whether you meant to exactly, or not - as one who really just couldn't give a rat's patootie about the impression he creates of himself. I feel you've extensively shown what you represent personally and stand for - who you are, your character - if you had any. My impression is, you critically lack boundaries, there are no lines of honesty or integrity you won't

                          Its not just a failure on your part, but rather - a concerted, oppositional defiance to the most basic standards of humanity, that you offer so graciously, on your sort of polished tin platter. Remember you're addressing me, the guy you're posting to - that means you have me to deal with. So, its fine with me if, the way you handle yourself demonstrated richly and clearly, that you reject and forcibly expel, for your own purposes - little considerations like truth vs falsity, honesty vs deceit etc.

                          That is fine with me because its your choice, and it only affects you. Whatever consequences follow, do so - only for you. Crows may fly far afield to feed. But guess where they come home to roost?

                          I'm content to tell you - based on all the acting out, the carrying on and drama you present, as if you have some thought, or even honesty of intention rather than ulterior motive, Modus Operandi - based on everything you present, and the way you do so, I feel you are essentially an aggressor, a hardline fanatic zealot. That's okay, because you're not under my command and I bear no accountability for your decisions, your choices, who and what you elect to say or do, think or be. And by same token, I've no obligation to accept that, nor do I.

                          Its a free world. You're at liberty to try and argue, good luck if so. If you want you can knock yourself out. If that 's your motivation, to try and undermine simple bare necessities of community, defy the very foundations of human relations - wage war against humanity's pursuit of better mutual understanding etc. - go ahead. Your game, you play it. That's what cults do, and as your self-defeat, 'foot-in-mouth' disease reflects, McKennism is easily recognizable in the light - as a predominantly cultic preoccupation. As I'm well aware, no news flash.

                          That's why it harbors all the fabrications and concocted bs. All the deception, manipulation, and nonsense it runs on - ain't no mystery, its just basic cult recipe and routine. We've seen it before, many times and places, diverse forms. The more different, the more the same. That's your choice, and you're the one who has to live with it. You like that stuff, so, enjoy it.

                          Otherwise - see my comments above. Read 'em and weep.

                        • Re: visual acuity?

                          Thu, April 3, 2014 - 8:21 AM
                          "Obviously this is getting no where ..." I agree your dog can't hunt.

                          But don't sell yourself short. Consider what you've accomplished, continually banging your head and spinning your wheels. You've repeatedly distorted information, trying to come off smart or over-bearing or whatever. That's not much, but its - something. You've puffed up, ranted incoherently, angrily - assertions of no clear meaning or purport. Tried to get reactions, tried to digress and distract.

                          You've made yourself sound even more desperately determined, like some fanatic caught on the end of his own line. That's no moon landing, but any toddler might be proud.

                          You've also, I think, accurately represented yourself - whether you meant to exactly, or not - as one who really just couldn't give a rat's patootie about the impression he creates of himself. I feel you've extensively shown what you represent personally and stand for - who you are, your character - if you had any. My impression is, you critically lack boundaries, there are no lines of honesty or integrity you'll won't violate. I haven't seen a word of respectable content or value in anything you've said. You've used dose info repeatedly in an attempt to concoct false and misleading meaning. That signifies clear and deceptive intent, which isn't respectable. Doesn't get seated at my table.

                          Its not just a failure on your part I observe, I feel you consistently show deliberate deception. I would rule your behavior as willful concerted, oppositional defiance to the most basic standards of humanity. Your manner is like that of charlatans and cons who offer their wares and words on a polished tin platter.

                          Not sure you realize you're addressing me, the guy you're posting to. See, that means you have me to deal with, as respondent. Not sure if you've sleuthed that yet. So, its fine with me if you like to reject and forcibly expel, for your own purposes - little considerations like truth vs falsity, honesty vs deceit etc. Because its your choice and only impacts upon you.

                          And of course choice have consequences, which tend to correlate. So from dogged rejection of basic values, credibility, respectability of manifest purpose - whatever consequences follow, do so only for you.

                          Crows may fly far afield to feed. But guess where they come home to roost?

                          Accordingly I'm content to tell you that, it poses no problem. Based on your acting out, your script and staging - as if you have some thought or something to say, or even any honesty of intention rather than ulterior motive, Modus Operandi - I feel you're merely another aggressor, a hardline fanatic zealot. Customary and usual.

                          That's okay, because you're not under my command and I bear no accountability for your decisions, your choices, who and what you elect to say or do, think or be. And by same token I've no obligation to accept that, nor do I - and you've no excuse or exemption.

                          Its a free world. You're at liberty to try and argue, or stamp your feet or whatever, throw tantrums. Good luck, go ahead, knock yourself out. Your game, you play it. That's what cults do. And as your self-defeat, your 'getting no where' reflects - your glorious cause, McKennism is easily recognizable in that very light. Its a 200 proof cultic preoccupation. As many haven noticed, no news flash.

                          That's why the McKenna's Witnesses is all fabrications and concocted bs. All the deception, manipulation, and nonsense it runs on - ain't no mystery, its just basic cult recipe and routine. We've seen it before, many times and places, diverse forms. The more different, the more the same. That's your choice, and you're the one who has to live with it. You like that stuff, so, enjoy it.

                          Otherwise - see my comments above. Read 'em and weep.

                          • Re: visual acuity?

                            Tue, April 8, 2014 - 10:58 AM
                            Great. I was expecting an intellectual riposte, but instead you've resorted to a multitude of paragraphs filled with slighting remarks. What is this nonsense? Haven't you ever heard of Gricean Maxims? You failed to address any point or argument. You did the same thing at the ThinkAtheist forums, and was warned by a MOD to tone down your indignation. Too bad there aren't any MODs here to ban your impertinent spam that's full of unwarranted aggression. If you're not going to stick to anything relevant to the topic of this thread, we're done here.
                            • Re: visual acuity?

                              Tue, April 22, 2014 - 7:11 AM
                              You're whining about - what now? Awww, what's the matter Jimmy? No mommie moderator you can run to for 'tone' control? Doesn't the censor someone for you?

                              Funny - I could care less what you say, or how. Seem like its not my problem. Yes somehow, you're upset by my least word - as if your world is threatened by what I say, or you have something at stake. How precarious for you.

                              Interesting. I'm perfectly content that all of us can speak in our own voice - in whatever tone we choose. When you have a grievance at your powerlessness to control or manage what someone else says - if you don't approve of their 'tone' as you put it? And you don't approve do you? Well too bad, isn't it? For you, that is.

                              Folks like yourself sure do object to freedom of speech - as exercised by others - don't they? Unless you approve of what they say or how. While others like myself, give freedom of speech no matter what - ringing endorsement, on principle.

                              Tribe net is fine with me, I don't have the complaint with you do. I'm glad you and I, or whoever - can both say whatever we like, and its not a violation of some regime, or rules restricting either of us. hoose our own words and "tone" - I like how you can just say your piece, as can I. It allows you do your level worst for all the satisfaction it gives you. If you had any good, you could do better. But you don't, apparently - so you can't. Best you can do is stamp your feet, tantrum and drama - sob over no recourse for censorship at this forum. That leaves participants no means of manipulating and restricting someone else - your humble narrator, for example.

                              Your 'operating premises' are those of hypocrisy - what others say and how should be hostage to your approval - or subject to censorship. And here .... AWWWWW, what's the matter? No power or control? No little ways or means? Good you've begun to realize manipulating discussion here, isn't your right or prerogative. Your ulterior motive, your least whim - is not provided for.

                              Well I'm fine with freedom of speech, as in this forum. I don't need some Mommie I can run to, and demand someone else be censored. Unlike your so-called self, I'm free as the breeze and totally at ease - no matter what happen my toe is still tappin' - I got no need or even wish - especially one desperate as yours - to control what anyone else says.

                              Its pretty cool sensation, unable to be bothered by what you say or how. Standing on freedom - not as a monopoly, but all for one and one for all - is pretty liberating. That's how it is, for anyone in self-command, able to exercise self-control.

                              Your "power and censorship" cause you're so dedicated to - is ultimately self defeating. You only frustrate and enrage yourself. You stir shit then get upset - when you end up having to lick the spoon.

                              How's that workin' for you?

                              What's that like to crave power over what someone else says and how - but having none? And why, for lack of such power, are you so angry and frustrated? I'm glad I don't have that sickness. I feel no need to stifle, bind or gag what you or anyone else says, nor how. What you say or how is no skin of my nose. But your whole world is in crisis, emergency, red alert - because of something I say or how, that doesn't meet with your approval?

                              Its just interesting that you have such a problem with free and open discussion, unencumbered by straightjacketing restrictions. That you need some means of censorship - not just what's said, but how it sounds to your poor sensitive ears, some Tone Police - to come to your rescue. And save you from the 'bunched panties' crisis ...

                              Well, I'm content, regardless. But then, I don't have any reason or need to try and control what others say, or how. So whatever you say or how - inflicts no distress upon me. But freedom of speech - for one and all, as an ethical principle, and a nourishment of liberty - not fascism - is more than you can bear.

                              And that sums up the McKenna Kult. All tense fragility - threatened by free and open discussion, that's isn't parroting its lines, reciting its catechism. And even scarier for the Kult - informed commentary, cogently exposing the bullshit McKennism consists of top to bottom.

                              Say what you want about the delusional incoherence and garble - the opposition to basic principle and human values are the cult's true colors. You Terence's Witnesses are really something. Scared shitless of almost any shred of truth, or word of factual intelligence. Because that exposes your entire operation for what it is. Mind control, cultic aggression - ultimately seeking to undermine not just thought and reason - but meaning, integrity of values, all the basic principles of freedom and human value.

                              Your 'operating system' is power-quest, ambitions of totalitarianism. No wonder you're having a tantrum - this forum doesn't facilitate your desperate need, doesn't provide for your craving for power over others who speak their own minds, not subject to programming by the Terence 'resonance.'

                              Its not just me or whoever else you can't "speech manage" - you got no control even over yourself. That's how completely out of control and powerless you are. And since cultists are aggressors, preoccupied with power - no wonder you howl with frustration, your need unfulfilled. No wonder your obsession with trying to control someone else's word or speech, content or tone, substance or sound. How maddening for you. That must be horrible, and a chronic misery.

                              I'm glad I don't have your preoccupation with power. Trying to police others' speech (unless you approve of it) - such an effort, and what hopes does it cherish? Tough luck for you and other proto-fascist dreamers, wishing for power and control. Our kind knows your type well, from long acquaintance in the human record, many places, many times. We meet again.

                              Oh, so now you kick your little feet - "we're done here"? What's this, crystal ball time for baby? Who the hell is 'we'? Is tthat the imperial voice you speak in, his majesty ruling? There it is, as if you'll speak for 'us'? You don't even know what you are, you can't even speak credibly for your supposed self - much less anyone else.

                              Think I'm wrong? Prove it. Show me how 'we're done' here. That'll be funny. Think you have power of self-choice, can walk away - in light of such crestfallen disgrace? What choices have you left yourself? How are you going to try and save face? By not letting the door slam you in the rear too hard, as you take your leave? You predatory cunning asses crack me up, you lose either way. Like Fox shaking his fist at those grapes - after he tried so hard to get what he wanted from them. Only to fall on his face. And now what, for poor poor Fox. A pity party?

                              You've made pretty good fascist of yourself - a little baby would-be dictator. Whining about not being able to control what I say - not just words but "tone" I see. Boo hoo hoo for you. Poor thing.

                              Y'all Terence's Witnesses are defiantly opposed to the very principles of liberty. Free and open expression unencumbered by your 'tone and content' dictates - in both principle and practice, that's just a problem for you aspiring tyrants.

                              And that is vile - the 'values' or Man's Inhumanity to Man, always trying to subjugate, seize power. By your self-representation of what you stand for, your True Colors shining as through a glass, darkly - I can only hold you in utter contempt. Shame on you.

                              You must not have been brought up very well, weren't taught little things like right and wrong, somewhere along the way. Then again, some are apparently born with no conscience, and they can't be taught. Whatever your case profile, shame on you - you ought to know better. Our species has struggled for millenia to achieve its understanding of what matters - to realize its humanity, and understand what faces it in grim opposition.

                              Such dark impulses within and without, as you harbor and espouse - man's inhumanity to man, the pursuit of power over others, holding oneself above - better be careful, who they cross paths with and how. There are Churchills, there are Van Helsings - guys who got the dark side's number and aren't fooled, know exactly what that stuff is.

                              I find walking talking embodiments of the Dark Side despicable. If you're so unhappy here interacting with me - for having no means of controlling what I say or how, no Speech Police badge or ticket pad - nor some Tone Censor you can prevail upon to curtail free and open discussion - than put up or shut up, enjoy or suffer. You can't even control yourself. How are you gonna control someone else, like your humble narrator - to 'manage' what I tell you or pick my words, my tone for me?

                              And now you indignantly declare "we're done"? Well stick a fork in it Like you can say anything that means - anything? Or makes any difference to me what you are, done or whatever?

                              My heart breaks to think - "done." But with your complete lack of credibility - let's see how if "we're done" as you exclaim - shall "we"? You must not realize you don't know what you are, what you're doing to do or not. But go ahead and act like you can say you're done, or anything else, with any meaning or credibility. How far off the end of your own rope are you now?

                              Poor Jimmy, would-be dictator who can't even control his own speech much less anyone else's. What's the matter, no Speech Cops to come protect and serve you - arrest someone for saying something you don't like? Or in some way you don't approve of? A 'tone' violation? How dare anyone speak to you in reply, under their own power and command - not yours. With not a lick of concern what or how you jabber? As if nothing you say, nor any tone you can use, has any effect or power - except to enrage yourself, by self defeat?

                              You poor frustrated fascist. You'd have to run this site to get your power craving satisfied - and you don't. Without some Mommie Censor you can run to, and start bawling tearfully - "Help, I can't manipulate or silence this discussion" - you are in dire straits. Maybe a pity party would make you feel better? Awwwww, you poor thing.

                              Fascists are pathetic, and its hilarious when their game backfires on them. I'd put you out in the doghouse but - its too good for the likes of hypocritical censorship mongers. You don't the conversation, not enjoying yourself? Well that is too bad isn't it? If only for you. Give your cult a thousand years - time works wonders. Perhaps in some future, your cult will have gathered as much power, forcible and violent, as the jihadists. Maybe then, since talk doesn't meet your demands, isn't getting you what you desperately crave - it can end. And action begin.

                              Maybe if you can hold out - simmer and condense all that anger and alienation, your rage, fear and frustration - you Terence's Witnesses can advance to violence, physical attack like the jihadists. So don't give up hope.

                              Y'all Terence's Witnesses are just like cultists of any stripe. Your real enemies aren't just persons on your shit list. You have abstract targets, your targets are principle, human worth and dignity. Your little covert war is against values like free and open discussion, that doesn't play pussy or pander to whatever line of bull. Because of the threat free speech poses to your agenda of thought control, you'll never be able to stand for it. Authoritarianism is what you embody, what you espouse and stand for.

                              Reason, sanity and meaning itself - nourishments of not fascism but liberty - freedom of speech, rocks and rules. It doesn't need you or your little ulterior ambitions. And your best company is your fellow cult fascists. You cultists are united in common pursuit of power you can never ever fulfill or achieve.

                              Savor your frustration and self defeat. They're yours, and you've earned them, brought them on yourself by your own incompetent hand. I'm fine with all that - whether you are or not. Its quite a pathetic self-portrait you would-be dictators paint - The McKenna Cultist as a Young Fascist - ethically despicable to those who, like myself, value and stand for freedom. Even yours - freely extended by we who stand for liberty; a principle you will never stand on nor be able to - a freedom you would claim as your own exclusive prerogative, and deny to whoever else isn't with your program. Do you realize how reprehensible your anti-ethical hypocrisy is? Humanity itself, the values of liberty and self expression - hold man's inhumanity to man in contempt. Rightly so.

                              Free speech is basic precondition, a moral imperative not an option. Its indispensable for the human cause itself, the pursuit of better mutual understanding - the prospects of humanity and the common future.

                              You proto-totalitarians are really something, you beat everything. McKenna dirt bag.
                              • Re: visual acuity?

                                Thu, May 8, 2014 - 10:01 AM
                                I've linked to the full citation of Fischer's experiment, I've explained some of the factors exhibited in the dose-response of the volunteers and described the range of the dose relative to the dosage given to each volunteer. This is no attempt in any way to "concoct false and misleading meaning." I've described very thoroughly what I was attempting to explain relative to the dose-response relationship with the intention to avoid being vague, misleading, or ambiguous. However, having said that, I've also pointed out how some of the factors will necessarily obscure some of the data in the experiment, i.e. the ADME of each individual would obviously be out of the control of the experiment, likewise each individual's sensitivity to psilocybin/psilocin, etc. Perhaps there were efforts towards using volunteers that would average out these discrepancies, but obviously, if you've reviewed the citation, there is very little information on the individual characteristics of each volunteer.

                                Now, on the other hand, you've went off on a very exhausting tangent aimed to basically troll. You've done nothing but insult McKenna, and anyone who attempts to have a "free and open discussion" about Fischer's citation in regards to McKenna's claim. Sure, it's free and open, but please, stick to the topic. Who do you expect to read that barrage of unjust anger and hatred? This is precisely why you were told to shut your trap by the MODs at's McKenna thread there, because you went completely off topic and straight into this tiring logorrheic effort filled with pseudo-intellectual deceit in order to lampoon McKenna. I could care less what you think about McKenna or his ideas, whether you're censored or not. That's not why I thought you should be censored. It's, instead, because you've staved off topic for quite a while now and now have become nothing more than a logorrhea-spewing troll that if I didn't know any better would believe to be afflicted with Tourette's syndrome, because you're simply here to type out paragraphs upon paragraphs of nonsensical hostility with a blatant disregard for the topic of the thread. Now, I didn't read all of the nonsense you retched as I'm sure you only type this for your own satisfaction, but I did skim through it to notice once again that you've completely ignored the topic at hand. I'm sure you'll type yet another pasquinade filled with cant and enmity, and it, too, will also be devoid of any relevant topic at hand. That is WHY a MOD should do something about your non-contribution to the relevance of the thread, it's long-winded spam!
                                • Re: visual acuity?

                                  Fri, May 30, 2014 - 11:31 AM
                                  Oh, did you try to say something? Appears so. But - on the screen all that displays is garbled incoherence. Weird gibberish characters. Maybe a computer glitch, some sort? Can you enhance, or boost your signal?

                                  Whatever you were trying to say, can only be of great importance, I'm sure - not just to your humble narrator, but the whole wide world. Try again, harder.
                                  • Re: visual acuity?

                                    Tue, September 23, 2014 - 9:40 AM
                                    Well, all I see is you giving up now. Everything I said was valid, and if any others besides you and I who examine this thread, can plainly see that. It's funny the sort of retorts you resort to. They're like elementary insults, the whole "I'm rubber, you're glue" shtick is all I see in your responses. How old are you again?
                  • This is the maximum depth. Additional responses will not be threaded.

                    Re: visual acuity?

                    Wed, June 3, 2015 - 5:59 PM
                    Baker, Fischer's dose of 160 µg/kg is an extremely low amount of psilocybin as has been stated in the post earlier. He was working with µg/kg, as they were in the 2008 study you cited. In Wackerman's study, they used various amounts and simply called them low, medium, and high in comparison with one another. They do use the words, low, medium, and high dose - so I understand your confusion.

                    In the popular Johns Hopkins study, to induce a "mystical" experience, they used 30mg/70kg and 40mg/70kg. The key being, Fischer & Wackerman's studies used MICROGRAMS and Johns Hopkins used MILLIGRAMS.

           (link to hopkins study)

                    Taking the highest dose in the 2008 study, 250 micrograms per kg (assuming 70 kg to make this similar to Hopkins) = 17,500 micrograms in the highest dose. 17,500 micrograms is equivalent to 17.5 milligrams.

                    McKenna dosed by dried mushroom weight alone and didn't include body weight into his wording of low, medium, or high. He clearly stated numerous times that his standard of dosing is roughly 1-2 grams dried = low. 3-4 dried grams = medium. 5+ dried grams is high/hero dose. It's vague in that each species of psilocybin mushroom has varying levels of psilocybin and psilocin.

                    On the Psilocybin article from Wikipedia, "A typical recreational dosage is 10–50 mg psilocybin, which is roughly equivalent to 10–50 grams of fresh mushrooms, or 1–5 grams of dried mushrooms." This is a rough estimate, but in line with common knowledge of the subject.

                    To get 17.5 milligrams of psilocybin from taking mushrooms, one would need approx 1.75 grams of dried cubensis. Again, this number would vary on numerous factors. Species, age, stem/cap, over dried/burnt, growing conditions etc.

                    Fishers study would have been closely equivalent to 1.1 grams dried, or exactly what Terence commonly referred to as a "low dose."

                    Fischer's studies and Terence's interpretations of them are another story. I believe McKenna took the few studies done at the time on acuity and let some of their findings mix with his personal experiences with psilocybin. Clearly the tests he refers to weren't done with visual acuity in mind and give lots of fire to his critics. I still think there are valid arguments to the stoned ape theory that have been shown in the 20+ years since Food of the Gods and even other studies Terence failed to mention at the time, that would have backed his claims even more.

                    "Rise and shine, its wake-up-and-smell-the-coffee-time (and remember, this was all your idea) Let's look at psilocybin dosage range, and see just how ‘low’ a dose Fischer’s 160 µg/kg is - based in research, valid sources. Not fairy tales or airy assertions of false claims, facts not in evidence, based in some rigorously uncritical "Terence said" pseudostandard" - Baker

                    lol, C'mon man.The hypocrisy in that statement is laughable. You had no clue what you were talking about on many levels. At best, you've done the same thing you've accused McKenna of.

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